On Monday, the Group of Lima met around the Venezuelan situation, leaving as a result the demand (continuous and repeated) to the cessation of Nicolás Maduro's usurpation in the government of the South American country, as well as the call for free and transparent elections, seeking to reorder the nation's leadership and democracy.
Among the points of the meeting, tacitly expected military intervention in Venezuela, a possibility that took strength after the events of last Saturday at the borders with Colombia and Brazil to receive humanitarian aid managed for weeks, which finally caused the rejection Maduro power group, the burning of trucks with food and medicine, 300 wounded and more than 100 Venezuelan military personnel who decided to leave Maduro and take the constitutional side defended by Juan Guaidó.
Precisely Guaidó, interim president of Venezuela recognized by more than 50 countries in the world, took the word at the Group of Lima convention and began by asking for a minute of silence for the fatalities that occurred on 23 February.
Guaidó was energetic on Saturday, indicating by means of his social networks that faced with the violent action of Nicolás Maduro to order a "massacre" against the Venezuelan people, he would have to take measures to stop this situation. However, the war/interventionist stance is not supported by the Group of Lima.
The Government of Costa Rica was one of those in charge of issuing some reservations. The first, regarding the entry of humanitarian aid, stating that "in order to prevent violence to the maximum, and for access to aid to be safe and effective, it is important that all humanitarian aid efforts carried out in Venezuela, are carried out in line with the international principles of humanitarian aid (humanity, neutrality, impartiality and operational independence)", said the Costa Rican Foreign Ministry.
Similarly, the Central American country reiterated its condemnation of "the violence and excessive use of force by the regime of Nicolás Maduro" that prevented the entry of aid last Saturday.
"Costa Rica calls on the Maduro regime to allow the entry of humanitarian aid and avoid the suffering of the population of Venezuela and the international community to collaborate in this effort respecting the international principles of humanitarian aid", said the statement. The second reason why Costa Rica did not subscribe to the declaration of the Group of Lima is related to the call to hold new elections.
"In order to the celebration of free and transparent elections in Venezuela, must be open to the participation of all political forces, they must be carried out taking into account all the political actors. Considering all sectors, greater violence and suffering can be prevented of the people", the Costa Rican government said without explaining that point.
While the countries subscribed to the Group of Lima met in Bogotá and rejected the military measures in Venezuela, the US government imposed new economic sanctions on four Venezuelan state governors, close to Nicolás Maduro, whom it accused of being implicated "in the blockade of the delivery of humanitarian aid and endemic corruption".
"The attempts by the illegitimate Maduro regime to block humanitarian aid to the Venezuelan people are shameful, and the Treasury is sanctioning four state governors aligned with former President Maduro for curbing badly needed humanitarian assistance", said Secretary of Treasury, Steven Mnuchin.
The sanctioned are the leaders of the Venezuelan states of Apure (Ramón Carrizalez) and Zulia (Omar Prieto), both border with Colombia; and the coastal areas of Carabobo (Rafael Lacava) and Vargas (Jorge Luis García Carneiro), which have important seaports.
At the same time, the United States requested a meeting on Venezuela for next Tuesday at the UN Security Council, according to diplomatic sources. The US request seeks an open session of the Security Council, which last addressed the situation in the Latin American country on January 26.
Mike Pence extended this information during the meeting in Bogota corresponding to the Group of Lima, making known and reaffirming his commitment to the freedom of Venezuela. Marco Rubio, a US senator who has been very aware of Venezuela in recent years, shared images of Gadafi and Noriega in their social networks before and after being captured, dictators who received surrender options that they later rejected.
Although many analysts of the world focus on this concern of the United States corresponds to an electoral strategy of the Republicans to obtain Latino support in the elections of 2020, the influence of other factors may end up being more important.
One of these reasons is the alleged presence of terrorist groups in Venezuela, among which the FARC and Hezbollah are particularly important. Although no public evidence has been shown, United States, Colombia and Brazil say it is a fact, which was reinforced by Nicolás Maduro's statements, stating that "there is no problem in having contact with them, they are groups / political parties, they have nothing to do with terrorism". The world knows the history with both groups.
Precisely Brazil and Colombia, which have been very careful to support any military action in Venezuela, do not completely rule out the possibility, although they argue for a democratic and clearly Venezuelan exit, as recently expressed by the government of Peru, indicating that it is an internal problem that its citizens must solve.
Given the concern about possible terrorism, the drug trafficking accusations have also taken hold, with Marco Rubio as the main spokesman for the possible connection of Diosdado Cabello, president of the National Constituent Assembly (ANC) in Venezuela, with actions of this type in all the continent.
Brazil and Colombia have put their borders in order for the entry of humanitarian aid, as well as for US military exercises and movements in recent days, which although they do not confirm an intervention in Venezuela, leave much to think about this conflict. Precisely on the weekend, Brazilian military forces raised the possibility of a "diplomatic reprimand" against Venezuela, after the security forces of that nation have spread tear gas and rubber bullets to Colombian territory.
Although until now the military intervention seems the most "logical" news but no country of the Group of Lima approves or supports it, more than 100 Venezuelan soldiers and troops have decided to support Guaidó and separate themselves from any order of Nicolás Maduro, so the "Rescue" of the South American nation could finally pass through Venezuelan hands, with military training.
In the same way, Pompeo indicated that the departure of Nicolás Maduro has its date and days counted, as well as Marco Rubio sent another message to Diosdado Cabello, stating that "not even in Cuba" can be hidden. Juan Carlos Varela, president of Panama, pointed out that the situation in Venezuela and Maduro reminds us "more and more to the last days of Noriega".