In Latin America, the agricultural sector grew four times more, but now it is also harder for people who lack the necessary resources to buy good quality food, the United Nations Organization for Food and Agriculture (FAO) warned today in Panama.
In the forum " Our actions is our future. #ZeroHunger is possible for 2030", within the framework of the World Food Day, the FAO highlighted this problem, as well as the increasing use of agro-chemicals that cause diseases in a large number of people every year.
"In Latin America hunger is not because of lack of food, but because - people - do not have enough resources to be able to acquire food, and quality, because it is necessary to advance in development programs in the territories that generate economic opportunities," Tito Díaz, FAO coordinator for Mesoamerica, told EFE.
He added that in the fight against malnutrition, which are suffered by 821 million people in the world, 39 million of them in the region, it is necessary to make alliances between local institutions, academies, partners, to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in 2030, to achieve the objectives of sustainable development.
"To achieve this objective, it is necessary to focus many policies on vulnerable populations, work with indigenous communities, farmer families, rural women, and comprehensive standards, in order to eradicate poverty," Díaz said.
But, at this very moment, it is cheaper to get foods rich in salt, fat and carbohydrates, than a healthy one, that's why FAO seeks to improve productivity in the different sectors so they can have quality edible products on hand.
The FAO coordinator also highlighted the chronic non-communicable disease factor in the continent, such as kidney damage.
"The production of food in agricultural areas has quadrupled in the last 50 years, but at the same time, agrochemicals have been used up to 7 times, and many of these toxic substances cause kidney damage, so now we promote agro ecology to produce more natural foods," he said.
In addition, Díaz made reference to the coordination effort undertaken with the government to reduce the malnutrition figures in the student sector, with the development of food programs.
"One of the main policies that have been developed in FAO are the school feeding programs, in which we have supported 17 countries, which have evolved from a glass of milk and a cookie into a balanced diet," he stressed on the regional strategy.
Other issues addressed by the delegate were the triggers of global food security: poverty, natural disasters, inequality, unsustainable management of natural resources and conflicts.
The event will involve authorities and technicians from the ministries of foreign affairs, Agricultural Development, Government, Social Development, Health, Environment, Education, among others, as well as representatives of civil society organizations, the private sector and the academy.
The world agency reported that 821 million people in the world suffer from chronic malnutrition, and obesity levels are found in them and many countries are experiencing the double burden of hunger and obesity, since 1,900 million people are overweight, of which 672 million are obese.