2019 seems like a very busy year in Latin American politics, with the recent inauguration of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil, which consolidates more than ever the rejection of the left as the guiding thought of any nation in the region, as well as the already established Iván Duque and Mauricio Macri.
Precisely the latter, in Argentina, will have to measure the popularity of his actions after completing a presidential cycle leading his nation, but he will not be the only one and here you can see how the presidential chairs will move between Central and South America:
The history of this small country is very recent, so much that the eighth democratic elections are held since its constitution was promulgated in 1983, as well as the sixth since the 1992 Peace Accords after twelve years of internal wars.
The date set by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal is February 3, which, if there is no clear winner, will transfer the activity to March 10, in a second round between the two candidates / parties with more votes in the first.
The candidates that will participate are Hugo Martínez from Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN), Carlos Calleja from Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (Arena), Nayib Bukele from Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional (Gana) and Josué Alvarado from VAMOS. Another 7 political groups are divided between supporting ARENA (DS, PCN and PDC) and cancellations for violating the electoral law (CD, FPS, PSD and PSP)
So far, the polls indicate that the winner could be Nayib Bukele, who was already mayor of Nuevo Cuscatlán and San Salvador under the support of FMLN, but he was expelled from the party after considerate that he had violated the principles of the politic organization.
On May 5 of this year, almost three million Panamanians are called to general elections to appoint new President and Vice President of the Republic, deputies to the National Assembly and Central American Parliament (Parlacen), mayors and representatives of the corregimientos, so it's about a total change of political structure.
For these elections, the candidates are José Blandón (Panama Podemos and in support of Juan Carlos Varela), Rómulo Roux (Cambio Democrático and in support of Ricardo Martinelli), Saúl Méndez (Frente Amplio por la Democracia) and Laurentino "Nito" Cortizo.
Although these elections are anticipated as the most close, it seems a priori a struggle between Blandón and Roux, who in addition to their own abilities, inherit the present confrontation between the strong figures of their partys, so they would also have on their back the failures of them, especially in the case of Varela and his current mandate.
In the absence of knowing the official date of June that will announce the Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Guatemala (SET) on January 19, the relay of President Jimmy Morales would be preparing for the elections to be held in the Central American nation.
The anticipated campaign, as in many countries, is a serious electoral infraction, however the problems of corruption present in this country have been the real news, so the tacit knowledge of the candidacy of Sandra Torres (Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza) and Zury Ríos (Valor) are already a fact.
Precisely the corruption mentioned in the case "La Línea" would allow that the one in charge to give to know this information, the ex public prosecutor Thelma Aldana, could be a candidate with important support in these elections.
One of the first rudder blows against the Latin American left was given by the current president of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, who beat Cristina Fernández and the entire electoral and political apparatus in her favor. The new Argentinian election will take place on October 27th.
The current president does not doubt his re-election and is already one of the candidates to run for popular election, while within the opposition, mostly Peronist, it is debated or the possible return of Cristina de Kirchner or the selection of a candidate from another line politic, which could be the case of Juan Manuel Urtubey.
The nuance offered by the serious economic situation in the southernmost country of the region after the measures of Macri and the past stained by corruption of Cristina Fernández are the main arguments to anticipate elections as close as empty, since this time the vote would not be encouraged because of the absence of a candidate who would offer some security to the voters.
In the absence of knowing the official candidates to be elected in June in each politica group, October 27 is the date on which the Uruguayans will designate their next president, with the favoritism of Frente Amplio in advance, seeking a fourth consecutive term to extend what was done by Tabaré Vásquez and José Mujica.
It is possibly the most complicated scenario in the region, since despite the defeat suffered in the 2016 referendum, the current leader of the Andean country, Evo Morales, will postulate his fourth consecutive candidacy, against the popular election that rejected this possibility .
Morales, one of the most long-lived representatives (politically) in the leftist presidencies in Latin America, is one of the leaders who has not undergone a change of direction, however, he is also one of the most prominent in the region in trying impose himself by force and above popular clamor, such as Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela.