At least 15 minors travel in a new caravan of Salvadoran migrants who left for the United States on Wednesday, informed the director of the National Council for Children and Adolescents (Conna), Zaira Navas.
Navas told reporters that, according to preliminary information received, approximately 15 minors, whose ages were not specified, make up the caravan of at least 100 people.
The director of Conna said that staff of the protection boards of that entity "are already at the borders to interview families traveling with children and warn them of the risks they face".
For her part, the head of the General Direction of Migration and Foreign (DGME), Evelyn Marroquín, said they do not yet have an exact number of people traveling in this new caravan.
"At first moment we were talking about between 60 and 100 people, but we still do not have exact data (...) we are waiting for these people to arrive at the border to provide more information", Marroquín told the press.
Salvadorans seek to reach the more than 700 Honduran migrants who left their country on Monday and crossed the border with Guatemala on Tuesday with the intention of reaching the US, despite the strong security measures implemented at the American border, by order of its president, Donald Trump.
The caravan, the first one to leave in 2019, on the day when it’s commemorating the 27th anniversary of the Peace Accords that ended twelve years of civil war (1980-1992), heads west from El Salvador to continue its journey through Guatemala.
More than 3,000 Salvadorans, including minors and women, joint in a caravan trip to the United States at the end of October in the last year, similar to those carried out by thousands of Honduran migrants, in order to escape from violence, poverty and unemployment.
Recently the president of the United States, Donald Trump, traveled to the border between threats to declare a national emergency and the Shutdown, which has not been lifted and is approaching its first month in which many government employees are still not receiving their salary.
With the idea of build the border wall, he still does not approve the administrative budget and affirms that it is a national security issue that is reinforced in the recent information revealed by the Center for Migration Studies (CMS), which also presented on Wednesday a report in which it assures that the majority of undocumented migrants in the United States entered illegally.
The study argues that 62% of people residing in the United States in an irregular manner, crossed the border in a legal way, after obtaining visas, and later they did not abandon it. The other 38% of the undocumented entered the country illegally and at the same time, the study states that the number of people who crossed borders irregularly has been reduced for the seventh consecutive year.
"The arrival by air and the expiration of temporary visas have been the main form of income of the undocumented population in the seven years covered by this report", says this center for migration studies, based in New York.
The CMS denounces that while US President Donald Trump "has focused the nation's attention on the border wall" with Mexico, the number of undocumented Mexican nationals in the United States was reduced between 2016 and 2017 by 400,000 people.
The inform also insisted that in 2017, for the first time, Mexicans represented less than half of the total number of undocumented immigrants, whose number exceeds ten and a half million. The CMS data suggest that the current number of Mexicans in an irregular situation in the US is 5,290,000 compared to 6,600,000 in 2010.
Since 2010, the total number of undocumented migrants has decreased by 1.3 million, from 11,725,000 to the 10,665,000 estimated they resided in the country in 2017. The study unveiled by the center also highlights the increase in undocumented immigrants Venezuelans, from 60,000 in 2013 to 145,000 in 2017.
By countries, the largest community of undocumented migrants behind the Mexican one is the Salvadoran (670,000), followed by the Indian (630,000), the Guatemalan (545,000), the Honduran (380.00) and the Chinese (305,000).
The CMS points out that there are 190,000 undocumented immigrants from the Dominican Republic, 175,000 from the Philippines, 165,000 from Korea, 155,000 from Colombia, 145,000 from Venezuela and Brazil, 125,000 from Ecuador and Haiti and 100,000 from Jamaica.
The Center emphasizes that given the conclusions of the study and the evolution of immigration by countries of origin, such as the increase of Venezuelans and Indians, "the United States needs a more nuanced and evidence-based response on the migration of undocumented persons".
It also notes that the reduction of the migrant population of countries such as Nicaragua, Ecuador, Peru, Poland and Korea "shows that undocumented migrants will return to their countries of origin, even in difficult conditions".
Finally, it recommends that a "serious commitment to improve conditions in the states of the northern triangle of Central America (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador), Venezuela and other countries can significantly reduce the undocumented population in the US".