Sixteen countries of the American continent expressed today in the Organization of American States (OAS) their "full support" to the self-proclaimed president of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, and they ask his "security" must be guaranteed as well as the security of the members of the National Assembly, of opposition majority.
The declaration, a formula with little commitment and great tradition in the OAS, was endorsed by 16 of the 34 countries that are active members of the organization: Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, United States, Honduras, Guatemala, Haiti, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and the Dominican Republic.
"We demand that the security and protection of the president in charge, Juan Guaidó, and of the members of the National Assembly be guaranteed", read the ambassador of Argentina, Paula María Bertol, during an extraordinary session on Venezuela of the Permanent Council of the OAS.
The statement also ratifies the "constitutional authority" of the National Assembly, which has initiated the process to assume the powers of the Executive by considering illegitimate the takeover of the Presidency that Nicolás Maduro made on January 10 as the result of an election questioned by the international community.
The 16 countries support "the actions taken to request international humanitarian aid, the freedom of political prisoners, the freezing of the assets of corrupt government officials" and also support the guarantees that have been offered to the military and civilians that support the Legislative.
The Venezuelan Parliament itself has approved an amnesty for the military, an action that seeks the support of the military stratum, fundamental for those who want to claim power in Venezuela.
The 16 nations that signed the declaration expressed their "full support" for Guaidó, who proclaimed himself interim president of Venezuela on Wednesday and won US recognition and other countries of the continent, such as Brazil, Ecuador, Argentina and Colombia.
The statement was immediately rejected by one of the representatives of Maduro in the OAS, Asbina Ixchel Marín Sevilla.
"The statement that was read here is not an OAS declaration, it is a simple pamphlet, you cannot deceive the public, it is a propaganda operation that tries to justify the coup d'état", the diplomat said, during the session she was supported by Bolivia and Nicaragua.
The declaration serves only to capture the joint position of a group of countries, but it does not have binding force nor the same strength as a resolution.
Resolutions are instruments that serve to establish the position of the OAS as an organism regarding an event and, to be approved, require the support of 18 countries, that is, a superior consensus to that expressed today through 16 States.
The United States requested a meeting of the Security Council next Saturday to discuss "the current crisis in Venezuela", the US mission told the UN in a brief message on its Twitter account.
The US call comes a day after the head of the Parliament of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, proclaimed himself interim president of the country and assured that he did it by embracing the country's Constitution.
The president of the United States, Donald Trump, announced on Wednesday that he recognized Guaidó as legitimate "interim" president of the South American country.
Almagro exposes his point of view also
The General Secretary of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, affirmed today that ending the "usurpation" of the Venezuelan Presidency by Nicolás Maduro must be the "sole purpose" of the Pan American organization.
"To end the usurpation must be the only purpose that we must have in the organization and in the inter-American system", said Almagro at a meeting of the OAS Permanent Council.
Almagro asked the OAS members to act in accordance with the resolutions approved by the organization, including the one endorsed by 19 of the 34 member states last year to declare illegitimate the re-election of Maduro in the elections last May and not recognized by huge part of the international community.
The general secretary of the OAS reiterated his recognition as "legitimate" president to the head of the National Assembly of Venezuela (NA, parliament), Juan Guaidó, who proclaimed himself as leader on Wednesday and won recognition from the United States and other countries of the continent, such as Brazil and Colombia. Almagro demanded Maduro to leave power when he considered illegitimate his inauguration on January 10 as a result of elections held last May and not recognized by much of the international community due to the absence of opposition.
"The usurper, the illegitimate Government must leave, it must not bring more misery to its people, leaving is the best it can do, it is the most decent thing it can do within the indecency of its illegitimacy (...) As it is the most decent, I doubt that it will do it, as it is the most intelligent thing, I doubt it will do that", said Almagro.
Guadió has achieved recognition as president of Venezuela of many of the countries of the Americas, although Russia, China, Bolivia, Cuba and Nicaragua continue to support Maduro and other countries, such as Mexico, have opted for a neutral position and have urged to the dialogue.
Without mentioning Mexico or any other country with that position, Almagro considered that "offering mediation without condemning its crimes is to stay at the side of an illegitimate government".