The nationals of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador deported by the US and Mexico last January totaled 12,730, according to official data from those countries that make up the Central American North Triangle, an area plagued of violence and poverty that has been living for several months the phenomenon of migrant caravans that head north of the continent.
The Guatemalan Migration Institute reported Friday that in the first month of the year the United States returned to 4,076 Guatemalans, 7.6% more than in the same month of 2017, while Mexico return 2,092 persons (-30.7%), to a total of 6,168.
More than 3 million Guatemalans, most of them in irregular condition, live in the United States, which is the main source of remittances that arrive in Guatemala and that in 2018 totaled the record figure of 9,287 million dollars, 13.3% more than the previous year according to the Banco de Guatemala (central) and close to 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP).
The Consular and Migratory Observatory of Honduras (Conmigho) registered a total of 4,586 Hondurans deported last January by the United States (2,312) and Mexico (2,274), 8.3% more than in the same month of 2017. To this figure is adding another 24 returnees from Central American countries.
Conmigho registered, in addition to the deportees, the "voluntary return" from Guatemala and Mexico of 7,270 Hondurans who left in mid-October 2018 in a caravan from the north of Honduras with the idea of arriving in the United States.
The Central Bank of Honduras reported that in 2018 the country received a total of 4,448.8 million dollars in remittances, 9.6% more than in the previous year, and that 80% of them came from the United States, where just over a million Hondurans live, both legally and illegally.
Remittances account for around 18% of Honduras' GDP and are the country's main source of foreign currency over coffee exports, maquila products, shrimp and others.
The General Directorate of Immigration and Foreigners of El Salvador (DGME) reported that last January 1,472 Salvadorans were deported by the United States, 20.8% more than in the same month of 2018, while Mexico returned to 504 (-2. 3 %).
In the United States, there are about 2.8 million Salvadorans who are the main source of remittances arriving in the country and that in 2018 totaled 5,468.7 million dollars, 8.4% more than in 2017, according to the official data.
The harsh living conditions of the countries of the Northern Triangle, where gangs and drug trafficking dominate large territories and promote corruption, and opportunities for study and work are increasingly precarious, pushing thousands of its inhabitants to flee north from America.
The caravans are the most recent modality of the phenomenon of Central American migration and are impacting the relations of the Northern Triangle, Mexico and the United States, at this times of Donald Trump, a great detractor of immigration, whose main promise campaign was the construction of a large wall in the southern border of USA.