A study in the forests and protected areas of Panama revealed that the native bee is displaced by the "Apis mellifera", known as the European bee or honey, an alarming indicator in that area, entomologist Alonso Murgas told Efe.
"The issue of bees is addressed by the problem that exists in the detriment of populations, in one case is the use of chemicals to control pests, and secondly by honey bees that move them away from their space," said the expert who is a professor at the state University of Panama.
Murgas noted that the miellifera is very aggressive and scares away the others that are smaller; however, the beekeepers prefer them because it produces more honey.
This has had an impact on the native species entering areas where there are interventions with humans and crops. He said that the Central American nation is currently seeking to implement a project with native bees for beekeepers to encourage their use in order to increase their number, although these do not produce the same amount as their foreign rivals.
"In national parks they are the focus of biodiversity, which is why it is important to protect the conditions, flora and fauna that depend on the more than 300 species of native bees," he added.
The scientist who spoke about the diversity and abundance of orchid bees in the Darién National Park during a Mesoamerican conservation congress in Panama City, said that another object of study is the orchid bees (Euglossini).
He warned that unfortunately there is not much information available about this insect, so they plan to take an inventory of the kinds of bees, orchids and pollen.
The entomologist explained that when the environment is affected, they can appear or disappear, and they are an important indicator of preservation status, which helps to interpret the areas that are affected.